What is the State Bird of Vermont? All Facts Explained

State Bird of Vermont

Vermont has suitable habitats for birds generally including coniferous woodland and open land. Like, any other state, Vermont has state animal and state bird.

Morgan Horse is the state animal for Vermont but what about the state bird?

The state bird of Vermont is Hermit Thrush which got this status in 1941. It is a small, brown, and cream bird that lives in Vermont throughout the year except for winters. 

And In this article, I’ve explained all the facts related to the state Bird of Vermont.

Why is the Hermit Thrush the state bird for Vermont?

The nature groups supported the hermit thrush as compared to crow or blue jays. The hermit thrush birds stay in Vermont all year round.

Some legislators favored crow or blue jays and accused that hermits are not the true Vermonters. But hermit thrush won the state bird status because of its distinctive sweet call. 

When did Vermont get its official state bird?

On June 1, 1941, the hermit thrush the bird was adopted as the state bird of Vermont by the state legislature. However, no other state has hermit thrush as their state bird. 

What does the state bird of Vermont look like?

The hermit thrushes have grey or buff flanks along with a spotted breast and throat. These birds have the main color as olive-brown or grey-brown among which its rust-colored tails.

The hermit thrushes have white eye-ring and their rust-red tail provides the brightest feathers on their body with red appearing in flight feathers. When it comes to the size of these birds, both the gender of these birds is 6.75 inches in length.

These birds usually don’t weigh more than other birds and they weigh between 0.63 to 1.31 ounces. While the wingspan of these birds is 11.5 inches. 

How Do Hermit Thrushes Birds Behave?

Hermit thrushes usually love the interior forests of Vermont and especially the areas near the pond area. But these birds migrate to a warmer climate in the late fall.

In the breeding season, they usually have territorial nature and they also protect their wintering territory. The wintering habitat of these birds usually includes dense cover, woody plants, and berry-producing bushes. When the spring season returns, these birds return to Vermont. 

The male hermit thrushes to arrive first and stake out the breeding territory. The nesting season of these birds starts from mid-May to mid-August. They mate to create only one brood during the nesting season.

The female thrushes arrive in the breeding territory, the male bird behaves in a hostile manner for three or four days. The male bird chases the female in circular patterns during the breeding season.

In these bird species, the female bird has the construction skills and she can build a cup nest. It can either be on the ground or in a small tree. They use materials like mud, bark strips, ferns, and twigs. 

Do Hermit Thrushes Form Communities?

The hermit thrushes generally don’t form communities but they do form pairs. These birds take their family responsibilities seriously and they have equal responsibilities towards their brood.

The female hermit incubates the eggs while the male bird brings food for their families. The female bird can lay three to five pale blue eggs which usually takes 12 days for incubation. At this time, the male guards the nest and looks for food for both of them. 

During the weeks of copulation and incubation, it is the responsibility of the male birds to feed the female as well because she cannot leave the eggs in the nest.

The male bird also guards the nest and chooses to perch at a place where he can get a good view of the nest and all around it. 

He can chase off the predators approaching the nest. Once chicks are born, the couple cares for their young ones together.

They are born with eyes closed and no feathers. From the seventh day of birth, the baby starts developing the feathers and learning to fly at the age of 12 days. 

What Do Hermit Thrushes Eat?

The time of the year and location matter in the case of the diet of the hermit thrushes. During the Vermont time, these birds prefer insects, small vertebrates, ants, caterpillars, earthworms, snails, salamanders, crickets, and grasshoppers.

But during the migration period, these birds prefer fruit including elderberries, pokeberries, serviceberries, and grapes. Generally, hermit forages on the ground and turns over leaves to find insects. They forage in trees or other vegetation as well. 

If you want to attract these birds to your place, you can offer them the food that they love. You can plant berry bush in your yard or install a bird feeder having grapes, raisins, or suet in it.

You can also create a small brush pile that will attract earthworms to your place and hence hermits will get attracted. 


Hermit thrushes are the state bird for Vermont who got this official status in 1941. These birds usually prefer dense cover or berry-producing bushes for building their nest and keeping it safe from predators. The diet of these birds generally includes snails, serviceberries, grapes, and fruits. 

At last, I hope this article may have helped you in some way. Thank You For Reading!

Related Articles You May Like

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top