Owls Habitat In UK, US, Canada: Explained In Detail

Owls Habitat

The families Strigidae and Tytonidae contain birds that are renowned for being fierce predators. 

They have around 200 species, some of which go back to the time of the dinosaurs. 

And In this article, I’ll explain all the owl’s habitats in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. I’ve also explained some of the popular owl habitats like the barn, burrowing, snowy owls, etc.

So without further ado, Let’s get into it

What Habitat Do Owls Live In?

Owls are renowned for having a wide range of habitat preferences. They can reside in many different places, some of which might surprise you. 

In woodland places, owls can be found dwelling most frequently. They have an area they can refer to as their own territory where they can hide from predators throughout the day. 

The other living things in the forest give them access to a wide variety of food sources. Some owl species, particularly those that favor dampness, may survive in rainforests.

Owls’ Habitat In Canada: 

Canada is home to 16 of the 146 species on the globe.

The barred, northern hawk, both screech species, boreal, and northern saw-whet owls are all year-round residents, as are two of Canada’s largest owls, the great grey and great horned owls.

Recent studies have revealed that the northern saw-whet owl is far more widespread than was previously thought. 

However, in western Canada, the migratory pattern is primarily from west to east, with most people migrating south in the winter from eastern Canada into the northern states. 

Great horned owls frequently migrate up to 1500 km to the southeast when there aren’t many hares in Saskatchewan and Alberta. 

The third-largest owl in Canada, the snowy, spends the winter months in southern Canada, while some northern owls occasionally make lengthy, explosive trips south.

Owls Habitat In The UK: 

Most of the short-eared owls in Britain breed in Northern England and Scotland, and you can probably spot them in the winter in wetlands and coastal environments. 

The short-eared owl, which is frequently active during the day, is confined as a breeding species to upland moorland and, infrequently, coastal grazing marsh. 

Barn owls in particular, who live in rural areas of Britain, face a number of difficulties as a result of environmental changes. 

There are also reductions in acceptable nesting grounds and the construction of new highways. Their population is said to have decreased significantly in recent years.

Owls Habitat In the US: 

Owls live in open coniferous or mixed forests that are surrounded by grassy meadows or marshes and are peppered with trees that make suitable perches. The boreal forest’s burned sections make excellent nesting and foraging locations. 

They frequent forested farmlands, lakeshores, and brushy thorn forests during southern irruption years. 

Owls live in a range of habitats, mostly in old-growth forests with thick canopies but during cold winters, they migrate to warmer habitats. 

Numerous owl species are restricted to specific regions of North America. Consider the Rocky Mountains, the southwest deserts, the northwest coniferous forests, and the spruce forests.

Snowy Owls Habitat

Snowy Owls prefer bare, open areas, whether in the tundra or the Great Plains, an airport field, or seashore dunes. 

They favor rolling terrain where they may locate a vantage point to scan the surrounding region because they frequently sit directly on the ground to hunt. 

On their wintering grounds, they will also perch on any structure with a nice view, such as a grain elevator, a telephone pole, a building, or a hay bale.

Barn Owls Habitat

Barn Owls inhabit open environments throughout the majority of the lower 48 states and a small portion of southern Canada as well as in much of the rest of the world.

These consist of grasslands, marshes, deserts, farmland, ranchlands, woodlots, brushy fields, and suburbs and cities. 

They make their nests in structures, caves, and tree cavities often barns but also including Yankee Stadium. They can be found in the Andes as high as 13,000 feet in elevation.

Burrowing Owls Habitat

Burrowing Owls prefer low, sparse vegetation in open, treeless environments that are typically slightly sloped.

The owls can be seen in a variety of habitats, including grasslands, deserts, and steppes; on golf courses, pastures, agricultural fields, airport medians, and road embankments; as well as in cemeteries and urban vacant lots. 

They frequently coexist with populations of burrowing mammals like prairie dogs, ground squirrels, and tortoises that are dense. 

While wintering owls may move around and perch in tufts of vegetation rather than burrows, breeding pairs remain close to a designated nesting burrow.

Great Horned Owls Habitat: 

Great Horned Owls are widespread throughout North America up to the northern tree line, preferring secondary-growth woodlands, swamps, orchards, and agricultural regions, however, they can also be found in a wide range of deciduous, coniferous, or mixed forests. 

The southern Appalachians are one location where they favor old-growth stands. Their home range typically consists of both forest and some open habitat, such as fields, ponds, pastures, or croplands. 

They may use juniper or rocks as nesting sites in deserts. In suburban areas, cities, and even wooded parks, Great Horned Owls are fairly frequent.

Barred Owls Habitat 

Barred owls spend their entire life in mixed woods with big trees, frequently close to water.

Because old woodlands support a greater variety of prey and are more likely to have sizable cavities ideal for nesting, they often exist in big, unbroken blocks of mature forest. 

They may be found in hemlock, maple, oak, hickory, beech, aspen, white spruce, quaking aspen, balsam poplar, Douglas-fir, lodgepole pine, or western larch in their favored habitats, which vary from swamps to streamsides to uplands.


It may be claimed that different owl species prefer different habitats and different locations based on their needs, despite the fact that information on the various owl species is not currently available. 

While others might be found in lush, green woods, some may prefer to live in places like deserts and grasslands. 

A lot of room is also needed by owls for food and refuge, thus areas with a lot of trees and woodland are ideal habitats for them.

Thank you for reading! 

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