Male vs Female Hummingbird: Complete Difference Explained

Male vs Female Hummingbird

Male and female hummingbirds have drastically distinct appearances, with the males having shimmering iridescent throats called gorgets.

Females are generally paler all over and lack the vivid color of the neck. It can often be difficult to distinguish between females of various species.

Here is a simple guide to help differentiate between male and female hummingbirds

Male vs Female Hummingbird: Physical Appearance

Male Hummingbirds: 

  • The hue of a hummingbird’s feathers can be used to distinguish between male and female hummingbirds. 
  • Hummingbird males use colorful feathers to attract females and discourage men by displaying their dominance. 
  • A gorget is a patch of vividly colored feathers seen on males’ necks. The colors of a gorget are red, purple, orange, blue, and pink. The gorget gleams when exposed to sunlight owing to refraction, or the bending of light against the various-sized feathers. To avoid attracting predators, males might make the gorget seem black. 

Female Hummingbirds:

Female hummingbirds, unlike males, do not have brilliant feathers to flaunt. Females have a brown or drab green coloration. Male hummingbirds without brilliant feathers are usually immature and look like females.


  • Male hummingbirds are substantially more aggressive than females in general. To attract females and defend their area, they must be aggressive. 
  • Males also engage in a lot of scratchy chirping in order to attract females or to squabble with other males. 
  • Hummingbirds, both male, and female migrate to warmer climates, typically covering more than 2,000 kilometers to reach nesting grounds. Males frequently start migrating before females.


  • Female hummingbirds are often bigger than males, despite the fact that it is difficult to tell. 
  • Females weigh between 2.8 and 4.5 grams on average, while males range between 2.4 and 3.6 grams. 
  • This disparity in size is due to the fact that females lay eggs, and their bodies must be able to handle the entire process, from laying the eggs to sitting on them to keep them warm.


  • It’s easy to discern the difference between a male and a female hummingbird when they’re mating. 
  • When a male hummingbird finds a female to mate with, he will wow her with a series of dances. Females occasionally join guys in their dances. 
  • Males and females do not mate for life, and males have no responsibility for the care of their kids. 
  • The female will build a nest and rear her kids on her own after mating. Males who approach their nest too near will be chased away by females, as the bright males attract predators.

Anna’s Hummingbird

Male Anna’s Hummingbird: The throats of male Anna’s Hummingbirds are iridescent reddish-pink. 

Female Anna’s Hummingbird: The necks of female Anna’s Hummingbirds are grey with a few crimson spots.

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Male Ruby-throated Hummingbird: Hummingbirds have a glistening crimson neck and a grayish-white underside. Their backs are a brighter green than the females’. 

Female Ruby-throated Hummingbird: Male hummingbirds have a lower IQ than females. Their throats and bellies are white, and their greenbacks are duller than the males’, with a browner head.

Black-Chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned male hummingbird: The throat of hummingbirds is black with a thin iridescent purple foundation. 

Black-chinned female Hummingbirds have a white tip to their tail feathers and a light neck.

Rufous Hummingbird 

The back and belly of the Male Rufous Hummingbirds are brilliant oranges, with a white patch below the throat and an iridescent red throat. 

Female Rufous Hummingbirds have a whitish belly and are greenish-brown on the back and pale reddish on the sides.

Broad-tailed Hummingbird 

Male Broad-tailed Hummingbirds have a rose-colored throat. In females, Green dots can be found on the necks and cheeks of hummingbirds.

Costa’s Hummingbird

Male Costa’s Hummingbirds have a purple head and iridescent purple throat patches that shoot out. Their bellies are white with green coloration on the sides and their backs are green.

Female Costa’s Hummingbirds are lighter in color and have a whiter belly.

Calliope Hummingbird

Male Calliope Hummingbirds have a black tail, brilliant magenta throats, and shiny greenbacks and sides.

Female Calliope Hummingbirds lack the iridescent throats of males, and their underbelly is pinkish-white rather than white.

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