20 Stunning Backyard Birds Of Alabama You Must Know

Backyard Birds Of Alabama

Alabama has a great number of backyard birds. And In this article, I’ll list and explain all the backyard birds of Alabama In Detail.

Note: If you’re short on time I have compiled a table of all the backyard birds with identification and their Diet. You can also read about these birds in detail below.

Backyard Birds in AlabamaLengthWeightIdentification(Color)Diet/Favorite Food
Northern Cardinal 21-24 cm43 gm (1.5 oz)Males are red with a black patch around their faces. Females have brown shades with red highlights and beaks.Sunflower seeds, millet, milo, peanut hearts.
Carolina Wren12-14 cm18-23 gm (0.6-0.8oz)Shy Birds with Brownish feather tones,  white eyebrow stripes, and an upright tail. Insects, spiders, caterpillars, crickets, beetles, moths, and Grasshoppers.
Northern Mockingbird 21-26 cm47-51 gm (1.6-1.7oz)Small heads and long tails, with gray-brown body color. They have white wing bars. Hawthorns, mulberries, blackberry brambles.
Mourning Dove22-36 cm120 gm (4.2 oz)Soft brown in color with hints of black on the wings. Millet, black sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, peanut hearts.
Blue Jay22-30 cm65-110 gm (2.2- 3.8oz )Blue crest, black backs, and white undersides. Acorns, insects, grain, nuts, and seeds.
Tufted Titmouse15-17 cm21 gm (0.74 oz)Gray backs with a hint of white underneath and large eyes.Insects like caterpillars, ants, beetles, spiders, snails, and wasps. Also nuts, berries, seeds, and shelled seeds.
Carolina Chickadee 12 cm10 gm (0.3oz)Tiny birds with significantly large heads with a black cap and neck and white cheeks and belly, gray back, tail, and wings. Black oil sunflower seeds, Nyjer seeds, Suet seeds, and peanuts.
Red-bellied Woodpecker23-27 cm72 gm (2.5oz)A pale red belly with a red cap b&w stripped back. Insects, spiders, nuts, seeds, acorns, pine cones, grapes, oranges, hackberries, mangoes, sunflower seeds, peanuts.
American Crow40-53 cm320-620 gm (11.2- 21.8oz)These birds are large with all black bodies. They are found on treetops, beaches, and towns.Earthworms, seeds, insects, fruits, fish, young turtles, clams, eggs, mussels, and nestlings of different species of birds.
Indigo Bunting4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm)0.4-0.6 oz (12-18 g)This bird is covered in blue color, with slightly shiny blue on his head and a shiny, silver-gray bill.This bird’s diet mostly consists of insects, seeds, and berries.
Eastern Towhee17-23 cm40 gm (1.41oz)Large Birds with a black throat, head and back with reddish tinted sides, white belly, and long tails. However, the females have some shades of brown as well.Black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, cracked corn, millet
Eastern Bluebird 16-21 cm30 gm (1.05oz)These birds are small thrushes with comparatively bigger heads that are round in shape, with large bellies and large eyes. The males are deep blue and red whereas the females are gray and blue, with a hint of orange-brown.They eat a wide variety of insects and mealworms.
Yellow-rumped Warbler14 cm12.5 gm (0.44oz)Gray with flashes of yellow, with slightly brownish tones in females.Insects and fruits like wax myrtle and bayberry.
American Robin23-28 cm77 gm (2.7 oz)These birds have black heads and backs with a hint of red or orange on their breast.Mostly insects, berries, earthworms. In early summer, insects make up the majority of the diet; they also feed on many earthworms, snails, spiders, and other invertebrates.
House Finch14 cm19-22 gm (0.6-0.7oz)These birds have a redhead and breast in the males and a brown streak of colors in females. They are generally noisy and move in flocks.Seeds, buds, and fruits like thistle, cactus, cherries, apricots, plums, blackberries, figs, and strawberries.
White-throated Sparrow 15-19 cm21 gm (0.74oz)These birds have a distinctive black and white combination on throats, heads, and bills. They also exhibit tones of brown and gray.They feed on seeds of grasses and weeds, and fruits like sumac, grape, mountain ash, blackberry blueberry along with various seeds.
Downy Woodpecker 14-17 cm21-28 gm (0.7-0.9oz)They are b&w in color with patches of red here and there. They are found in woodlots, in backyards, and along streams.Insects, beetle larvae, acorns, berries and grains, black oil sunflower seeds, peanuts, millets.
Eastern Phoebe 6-7 inches20 gm (0.70oz)Grayish-brown towards the back and whitish underneath.Flying insects, spiders, small fruits, and seeds.
American Goldfinch11-13 cm14 gm (0.4oz)They are quite popular, with bright yellow and black colors in males. The female counterparts however tend to be dull brown in shade.Mostly seeds, some insects. Diet is primarily seeds, especially those of the daisy (composite) family, also those of weeds and grasses, and small seeds of trees such as elm, birch, and alder. Also eats buds, the bark of young twigs, maple sap.
Red-winged Blackbird24cm/37cm85 gm (2.9oz)All black only with a bright red and yellow patch on the top of their wings. The female is pale brown. Mixed grains.

Backyard Birds Of Alabama In Different Seasons

Winter Backyard Birds

  • Northern Cardinal (58%)
  • Mourning Dove (45%)
  • Northern Mockingbird (43%)
  • Carolina Chickadee (43%)
  • Carolina Wren (40%)
  • Blue Jay (38%)
  • Tufted Titmouse (38%)
  • American Robin (36%)
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (36%)
  • American Crow (34%)
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (33%)
  • Eastern Bluebird (30%)
  • American Goldfinch (29%)
  • House Finch (29%)
  • White-throated Sparrow (28%)
  • Downy Woodpecker (27%)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (24%)
  • Chipping Sparrow (23%)
  • Eastern Towhee (22%)
  • Eastern Phoebe (21%)

Summer Backyard Birds

  • Northern Cardinal (63%)
  • Mourning Dove (48%)
  • Carolina Wren (48%)
  • Northern Mockingbird (43%)
  • Blue Jay (37%)
  • Tufted Titmouse (34%)
  • American Crow (33%)
  • Indigo Bunting (32%)
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (31%)
  • Eastern Towhee (30%)
  • Carolina Chickadee (27%)
  • Eastern Bluebird (24%)

Backyard Birds Of Alabama In Detail

Northern Cardinal

northern cardinal

Northern Cardinals are among the most well-known and widespread garden birds. Males have brilliant red feathers and a black mask, while females have duller, lighter brown feathers with a reddish pattern.

Both males and females have beautiful orange beaks and distinct “mohawks.” Northern Cardinals can be spotted all year in almost every region of the United States.

Northern Cardinals are attracted to backyard feeders with sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, millet, and milo.

Carolina Wren

The Carolina Wren is a little bird that looks like an American Goldfinch or a House Finch. They are distinguished by a spherical body, a short neck, a flat head, and a flapping tail.

Its top body is reddish-brown, with black bands on its wings and tail. A white brow line and a buff underbelly. They are common at backyard feeders and can be found in woodland or densely forested areas.

Use suet feeders, hulled sunflower seeds, or peanut hearts in large tube feeders or on-platform feeders to attract more Carolina Wrens to your backyard feeders.

Northern Mockingbird

Mockingbirds derive their name from their ability to mimic the songs of other birds. A male mockingbird may learn up to 200 distinct songs in his lifetime, according to scientists.

These medium-sized backyard birds stand out because of their grey and white feathers and long tail feathers. They like deep shrubs and may be hostile towards intruding birds.

Although Northern Mockingbirds are widespread in backyards, they rarely frequent bird feeders. To attract them to your yard, use any of the other suggestions below, such as fruit-bearing plants or a birdbath.

Mourning Dove

The mourning dove is a bird in the Columbidae family. Rain dove, wetland dove, turtle dove, and, most commonly, mourning dove have all names been given to the mourning bird.

Right present, it’s popular throughout the Southeast, Ohio, Arkansas, Florida, California, and Ontario, Canada. It also visits large cities, meadows, farm fields, parks, resorts, and even residential neighborhoods.

You can attract more Mourning Doves to your yard by scattering millet on the ground or utilizing platform feeders. Among other things, they’ll eat black sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, and peanut hearts.

Blue Jay

blue jay

Blue jays are a beautiful bird genus that can be found in large numbers in parks, near water sources, and near human settlements. This plant grows well in hilly areas with exposed soil and steep cliffs.

It’s a popular attraction for travelers, and photographers have long admired its vivid and colorful plumage.

Blue jays are widely regarded as the best bird for bird watchers and hikers due to their shyness and ability to hide in long grass and oak trees.

They eat a variety of seeds, but their favorite is sunflower seeds. They eat berries, suet, insects, worms, and carrion, among other things. If you give blue jays peanuts, sunflower seeds, or other seeds, they will come to your yard.

Tufted Titmouse


Tufted Titmouses look exactly like chickadees, except they have a crest instead of a black bib.

They are a small yet enormous titmouse, larger than chickadees and the size of a junco or House Finch. The body is spherical, with a gigantic tail, a huge head, and long legs.

They are light blue-gray on the bottom and dark blue-gray on top. The black feathers that surround the eye emphasize its size. They are found in parks and densely forested deciduous woodlands.

Tufted Titmouse will come to your backyard feeders if you put sunflower seeds, suet, and peanuts in tube feeders or suet cages.

Carolina Chickadee

Chickadees are little birds with a distinguishing black crest and bib. Their underbodies are bulbous, and they have entirely white cheeks. The backs and wings of these creatures are dark greys in color.

They visit bird feeders frequently and can be seen flying from one feeder to the next in quest of food.

Use black oil sunflower seeds, Nyjer seeds, suet feeders, or peanuts to attract more Carolina Chickadees to your backyard feeders. Tube feeders, suet cages, and platform feeders are all effective ways to feed them. 

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Red-bellied Woodpeckers are massive for a backyard bird. They’re around the size of a Starling or an American Robin. They are a smaller version of the Northern Flicker.

They have a massive head and a short tail, and an overall stocky appearance. They cling to tree trunks with their short stiff tails and sturdy short legs.

Their bodies are pale grey with black and white stripes on the back and wings. Males have a protruding red nape from their crown.

Suet feeders will attract more Red-bellied Woodpeckers, who will also occasionally feed on hummingbird feeders.

American Crow

The plumage of the American Crow is vividly colored. This bird is one of the most prevalent in the area, and it can be seen almost anywhere.

Birdwatchers report seeing these birds mating on trees alongside motorways or even in people’s backyards. The nectar from flowers is an unexpected addition to their diet of tree and plant roots.

They are one of the most active bird species, which means they are always looking for new food.

If you want to attract American Crows to your backyard then start by scattering peanuts and seeds in your yard.

Indigo Bunting

Indigo Buntings are distinguished by their bright blue males and brown females, as well as their black wings and tail stripes.

They migrate from their nesting areas in the eastern United States to Florida, Central and South America, and the Caribbean during the winter.

Indigo Buntings can be spotted in weedy fields and shrubby areas eating seeds and insects. Nyjer and thistle seeds, for example, are small seeds that can help you attract more Indigo Bunting to your yard.

Eastern Towhee

Male Eastern Towhees have black backs and breasts, brown sides, and white bellies, while females have brown backs and bellies.

They breed in the Northeast before migrating south, though they will spend the entire year in the Southeast.

If you’re looking for seeds or insects in dense undergrowth along woodland edges, you’ll have to look down to find this bird. They prefer to be lonely and secluded, making them difficult to locate.

If you have a backyard with overgrown borders then Eastern Towees may come out to gather fallen seeds.

Eastern Bluebird

Before traveling south, Eastern Bluebirds breed in the northern United States and Canada.

Males look like a little thrush with a bright blue head and back and rusty red underneath. Females have a creamy upper surface, bluish wings and tails, and an orange-brown underside.

They can be found in open places eating on insects or perched on power wires and fences.

Yellow-Rumped Warbler

yellow rumped warbler

The yellow-rumped warbler spends the winter on southern treetops and weedy habitats.

In the spring, the breeding plumage is blue-gray on top, black on the flanks and breast, yellow on the rump, and yellow on the sides. Both species have grey-brown top plumage and creamy cream bottom plumage in the winter.

During the nesting season, they can be found in coniferous or mixed forests in the western Alps. Open areas with fruiting shrubs and scattered trees in the winter.

Yellow-rumped Warblers can be attracted to your yard using sunflower seeds, suet, raisins, and peanut butter.

American Robin

Reddish-orange breasts and black feathers on the head, back, wings, and tail distinguish American Robins. Their beaks are massive and sharp, and their wings are grey with white borders.

They are woodland birds that like to live in the wild. In their natural habitat, they are herbivores, consuming berries, leaves, and insects.

American Robins enjoy sunflower seeds, suet and peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms. You can use a ground feeder or a platform feeder.

You can also grow berry-yielding shrubs such as juniper, sumac, hawthorn, and dogwood.

House Finch

It was originally exclusive to the western United States, but it is now widespread throughout the country. Although there are numerous species of red finches, house finches are the most common in cities.

It has a medium-length notched tail and a medium-sized body. The form is conical. Males have blood-red heads, breasts, and backs.

On wires, tree limbs, and plants, small flocks can be seen. They are currently most common in both rural and urban locations.

House Finches may be attracted to backyard feeders using black oil sunflower seeds or nyjer seeds in tube or platform feeders.

White-throated Sparrow

White-throated Sparrows are distinguished by their black and white striped heads, dazzling white throats, and yellow between the eye and bill. Their backs are brown, while their undersides are grey.

They are migratory birds that nest mostly in Canada before migrating south in the winter to the eastern and southern states, as well as California.

White-throated Sparrows can be found on the ground in woodlands and along the margins, typically in big groups.

White-throated Sparrows can be attracted to your backyard feeders by using millet and black oil sunflower seeds on platform feeders.

Downy Woodpecker

downy woodpecker

The downy woodpecker can frequently be heard shrieking or chirping in a high, difficult-to-reach tree. They live in sagebrush thickets and woods.

They have red backs, white underbodies, black wings with white markings, and black and white striped heads. Females do not have a red mark on their wings, however, males do.

If you want to attract Downy Woodpeckers to your backyard then feed them black oil sunflower seeds, millet, and peanuts either on suet feeders or on a platform feeder. 

Eastern Phoebe

Eastern Phoebes are chubby songbirds with grayish-brown backs, pale underparts, and a darker head. Eastern Phoebes are migratory birds that breed in the northeastern and central United States, as well as in Canada, before traveling to the southeast and Mexico for the winter.

Flying insects make up the majority of their food because they are flycatchers, although they will also consume spiders and other insects, tiny fruits, and seeds. They frequently build mud and grass nests on bridges, barns, and homes.

Install a nest box or natural plants that yield berries to attract additional Eastern Phoebes to your garden.

American Goldfinch

The black-throated goldfinch, sometimes known as the goldfinch, is a lovely little bird. They have been known to travel significant distances each year, with some traveling as far north as southern Mexico and as far south as the eastern side of the Canadian border.

To mention a few habitats, they like marshes, backyards, meadows, woodlands, brushlands, fields, hedgerows, tall grasses, and oaks. They prefer spruce and oak trees and prefer to dwell near creeks, rivers, and streams.

If you want to attract American Goldfinch to your backyard then grow thistles and milkweed in your yard. You can also feed them sunflower and Nyjer seed.

Red-winged Blackbird

The red-winged blackbirds have an all-black plumage with vivid red and yellow shoulder patches. Female blackbirds are quite drab compared to the male’s streaky brown coloring.

During mating season, males will fiercely defend their territory, even battling anyone who comes too close to nests. During the winter, they converge in massive flocks numbering millions.

To attract more Red-winged blackbirds to your yard, scatter mixed grain and seeds on the ground. Large tube and platform feeds can also be used.

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